Vision loss unquestionably has a significant impact on our lives and our experiences with friends, society, and families. Even the thought of having a low vision or loss of sight is frightening as it can affect our quality of life, mobility, and independence. The issue of low eyesight includes different degrees of sight loss, from poor night vision, blind spots, and also problems with a glare to an almost complete loss of sight.
Let’s discuss the how other eye problems may lead to low vision difficulty, here are seven health conditions that can lead to low vision:
Age-related Macular Degeneration:
As its name suggests, in certain people, the macula–or center of the retina–deteriorates with age. Since that central area of the retina empowers sharp focus on things right in front of the faces. Macular degeneration may impact the ability to drive, recognize faces, read and perform any fine-detail work.
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP). This type of eye disorders progressively affects both night vision and peripheral vision (side vision) by damaging the light-sensitive cells known as rods and cones in the retina, so the light-sensitive part in the back of the eye. The primary symptom of this inherited disease is nighttime blindness/blurriness and is often first observed in the teenage or young adult years.
Diabetic Retinopathy is found in up to 45 percent of people diagnosed with diabetes, obesity causes gradual damage to the retina and can lead to total blindness if it is not treated. The elevated blood sugar levels experienced by diabetics can cause damage to the body’s blood vessels, including those in the eye. Regulating blood sugar levels is the most significant treatment to minimize the harm done by this disease, though laser and other surgical procedures can slow its progression.
Glaucoma damages the optic nerve with time, resulting in vision loss. The gradual damage is generally due to elevated internal fluid pressure in the eye, which further leads to swelling of optic nerves. This build-up takes place when the eye produces too much fluid/tears or there exist any other problems such as drainage or flow of fluid from the eye.
Cataract, occurs when the lens in the eye becomes so cloudy that it becomes difficult for the light to reach the retina, positioned at the back of the eye. It causes a general and genuine loss of eyesight. A long-term exposure to the sun’s UV rays, certain kind of illness and genetics can lead to the problem of cataract. It may be removed surgically and replaced with an intraocular lens implant to restore the eyesight.
Amblyopia, also referred as lazy eye, is a lack of central vision advancement in one eye that usually develops before age. Although it is not due to any eye health issue, occasionally vision in one eye only fails to grow normally in childhood.
Traumatic brain injury, including brain traumas, strokes, and brain disorders, can cause blurry vision, eye misalignment, depth perception problems, glare sensitivity, and reduced visual acuity.