It’s a good practice to get an eye examination once a year to guard the long term health of your eyes, as well as maintain the ideal eyesight as you age, as glasses and contacts prescriptions may change regularly. Additionally, a knowledgable optician or ophthalmologist can detect disorders of the eye before they become serious and more challenging to treat.

Here are the five most common yet different types of eye ailments:

Macular Degeneration

This condition can also a consequence of aging or hereditary predisposition. The macula is part of the retina, at the rear of the eye. If the macula has been damaged, then images can become blurry from exactly the center of the eye. This will make reading or other types of work difficult without any assistance

The most frequent type of macular degeneration is involutional, that can be linked to aging. The macula thins out or breaks down. Exudative macular degeneration occurs when the blood vessels at the back of the eye break, leak and cause scar tissues. A eye test can catch an instance of macular degeneration in its first phases.


Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the liner and lining of the eyelids. Conjunctivitis can be chronic or acute. With this eye disorder, the eyelids burn and itch, or feel heavy and dry. The illness is contagious, so the patient should ensure their hands, towels, doorknobs or other items that they handle are thoroughly washed. Fortunately, conjunctivitis is easy to treat and detectable by any eye specialist or ophthalmologist.


Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness, and a eye test can detect it in its early phases. In glaucoma, the tension in the eye’s own aqueous humor accumulates in the eye, which can ruin the nerve and result in blindness.

The humor cans drain off, but the drains can creep with age and become obstructed by residue. This is called glaucoma. Glaucoma may be congenital, so because the person has been born with an impaired drainage system. The drainage system may be obstructed by the iris, or it can be ruined inflammation, tumors or by bleeding.


This eye disorder is painless but induces vision to be blurred. It’s basically the clouding of the lens in the eye, which must remain clear for proper vision. Cataract is a consequence of aging, but it may also be brought on by eye injuries and diseases. Cataracts may be removed through surgery.


Entropion is an eye disorder in which the inner edge of the eyebrow and eyelashes curl in the eye. This may lead to an irritation of the cornea, with pain, congestion and tearing. The eye can become ulcerated and can get too sensitive to mild. It can permanently affect vision if entropion isn’t corrected. Entropion could be brought on by means of an eye injury, burns or could be a complication of the eye operation.

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