Glaucoma is a build up of pressure inside the eye that causes damage to the optic nerve.

Anterior chamber is the space in the front part of the eye. Clear liquid flows in and from the anterior chamber, this fluid bathes and nourishes nearby tissues of the eye. If a patient has glaucoma, the fluid drains too slowly out of the eye. This contributes to fluid build-up, and the pressure in the eye increases.

Unless this pressure has been brought down and commanded, other parts of the eye and the optic nerve might become damaged, resulting in loss of eyesight.

The disease usually affects both eyes, but one may be affected than another.

Typed of Glaucoma

There are various kinds of glaucoma. The cause of high pressure in the eye might help tell the ideal remedy for it as well as the sort of glaucoma. The most common forms include:

Open Angle (Chronic) Glaucoma

This is the most typical and commonly observed type of glaucoma. It usually results in aging of the drainage channel, which doesn’t work as time passes. However, younger folks can get this type of glaucoma.

Normal Tension Glaucoma

This is a kind of open-angle glaucoma perhaps not related to elevated pressure. Individuals with normal tension glaucoma might be unusually sensitive to levels of stress. Decreased blood flow to the optic nerve can also play a role in normal tension glaucoma.

Intense (Angle Closure) Glaucoma

It takes place when the drainage system of the eye becomes blocked. It induces a sudden increase in pressure, necessitating immediate, emergency medical care. The indications may include vomiting, severe nausea, eye pain, nausea, blurred vision or viewing halos and are usually serious. The condition can be without symptoms.

Secondary Glaucoma

Secondary glaucoma is the result of another eye condition or disease, such as tumor, trauma, or inflammation. You must read more about uveitis, an inflammation that can cause glaucoma.

Pigmentary Glaucoma

This normally develops during middle or early adulthood and is a type of open-angle glaucoma. There exists pigment cells in the iris, which are dispersed within the eye. If those cells build up they can upset the flow of fluids in the eye, resulting in an increase in eye strain.

Which Are The Symptoms Of Glaucoma?

The signs and symptoms of both acute angle-closure glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma are quite different:

Symptoms Of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

  • Peripheral vision is slowly dropped. Both eyes are always affected by this.

  • In advanced stages, the individual has tunnel vision.

Symptoms Of Closed-Angle Diseases

  • Eye pain.

  • Blurred vision.

  • Eye pain is often accompanied by nausea and sometimes vomiting.

  • Lights appear to possess extra halo-like glow around them.

  • Red eyes.

  • Sudden vision troubles when lighting is bad.

Prevention

Catching it early means vision loss may be minimized and that it can be treated more efficiently, although There’s not any known way to prevent glaucoma. Getting your own eyes is significant; particularly for individuals with a danger, because, often, there aren’t any symptoms.

So older adults, people with diabetes, and individuals of African descent should be tested after the age of 35. You can consult the doctor how often you need to have a check up.

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